Which one is first to established, ERP or ISO?

iTechTagtech Which one is first to established, ERP or ISO?

What came first, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) or International Organization for Standardization (ISO)? What are the historical implications of these business standards and systems? Which one paved the way for the other to become an integral part of industries worldwide? These are some intriguing questions that beckon for a comprehensive discourse on the chronological origin and evolution of ERP and ISO.

One significant issue within the U.S. market relates to the mutual relationship between ERP and ISO. According to Keyes (2016), numerous organizations face challenges whilst trying to balance the two systems’ implementation. Moreover, the Harvard Business Review revealed a predisposition for American firms to first establish ERP systems before assimilating ISO standards. The key to resolving this problem lies in creating an explicit understanding of the functional importance of both ERP and ISO in organizational operations and how their chronological order of implementation could potentially impact a business.

In this article, you will learn about the historical development of ERP and ISO, their relevance in modern industries, and their applicability. It provides an in-depth comparison of the implications of implementing either ISO or ERP first within an organization. Furthermore, it uncovers the benefits and challenges associated with each system’s implementation order and how it affects an organization’s productivity and success globally.

To conclude, this article will be a valuable resource to help businesses make an informed decision regarding the order of ERP or ISO implementation. By understanding the merits and demerits of each system and the order of implementation, organizations can optimize their operations while conforming to international business standards.

Which one is first to established, ERP or ISO?

Definitions and Meanings of ERP and ISO

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is a type of software used by companies to manage day-to-day business activities such as procurement, project management, operations, finance, and human resources. The concept of ERP commenced in the year 1960, intending to facilitate data sharing across different business functions.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is an independent, non-profit organisation that develops and publishes global standards to ensure the quality, safety, and efficiency of products, services, and systems. ISO was established earlier than ERP, in 1947, providing a set of principles and guidelines for companies to follow.

Unraveling the Origins: ERP versus ISO, Foundations and Development

The Evolution of ERP

The roots of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) began in the manufacturing sector as a solution for inventory and material requirement management in the early 1960s. This laid the foundation for ERP. The original systems, known as Material Requirements Planning (MRP), were lauded as a breakthrough for facilitating organization-wide coordination and planning. As these systems evolved, more functions were gradually introduced such as finance, customer relationship management, supply chain, and human resources management. By the early 1990s, these solutions came to be referred to as ERP systems, marking an important milestone in its evolution. The management system encapsulates all the core processes needed to run a company by integrating various functions into one complete system to streamline processes and information across the entire organization.

New Horizons: The Birth of ISO

Moving forward to ISO, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), was established much later, in 1947. The purpose of ISO is to promote worldwide proprietary, industrial, and commercial standards. Unlike ERP systems that primarily focus on integrating and streamlining internal processes, ISO aims to provide standardization across international borders. It assures customers that products and services are safe, reliable, and of good quality. It also helps businesses to access new markets, level the playing field for developing countries, and facilitate free and fair global trading. ISO standards are developed by technical committees comprised of experts from both the industrial and business sectors, and represent governmental and non-governmental organizations globally.

  • The ERP systems have a history dating back to the 1960s, starting off as an inventory and material requirements planning system for manufacturing companies.
  • ERP systems have since evolved and integrated multiple functions which led to it being referred to as ERP by the early 1990s.
  • In contrast, ISO was established in 1947 with the aim of promoting worldwide industrial and commercial standards across international borders to enhance global trade.

Therefore, ERP was initially established before ISO. The establishment of both these distinct entities has significantly contributed to the operations of businesses globally. While ERP aids in integrating and streamlining internal processes, ISO provides a framework that assures customers of the quality and safety of products and services, which helps in building trust and confidence in a globalized market.

ISO and ERP Entwined: Did ERP Systems Emerge from ISO Standards?

A glance back: Which took root first?

Did Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) pave the way for International Standardization Organization (ISO)? The timeline of tech’s inception frequently raises captivating debates, and the chronology of ERP and ISO is no exception. The genesis of ERP tracks back to the 1960s with the arrangement of Material Requirements Planning (MRP), which evolved into ERP by encompassing all the core functions of an organization. The 1970s marked the advent of ISO, spearheaded by the unification of the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA) and the United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee (UNSCC). Thus, based on this tracking, ERP systems did rise before IS, thereby shaping the narrative that ERP may have preceded and influenced ISO standards.

Hurdles in harmonizing ERP and ISO

ERP’s growth in parallel with ISO progression presented unique challenges. ERP vendors, often prioritizing their proprietary solutions, sometimes found it difficult to comply with the ISO’s laborious procedures for standards validation. This issue does not downplay the significance of ERP, but signifies a predicament in reconciling the fast-paced nature of tech advances with rigorous standard-setting process. Adopting ISO norms often meant periods of disruptive adjustments and lengthy processes. Those reluctant to undergo these changes ended up doubting the long-term benefits of ISO, thereby resisting its successful implantation. Consequently, it led to the dual existence of ISO and non-ISO compliant ERPs.

Effective synchronization of ERP and ISO standards

Over the years, some ERP vendors have proven that it is possible to successfully intertwine ERP with ISO standards. For instance, SAP, one of the giants in ERP Landscape, has effectively incorporated ISO standards to enhance its solutions, yielding improved consistency and integrated conformity. Armed with adherence to ISO standards, SAP’s clients can ensure robust data security and reliability, making it an exemplar in how ERP solutions can utilize ISO standards for value addition. Similarly, Microsoft Dynamics has also employed ISO norms to optimize its operations. It particularly capitalizes on ISO 9001: Quality management systems, to elevate its service delivery framework, thus manifesting the seamless melding of ERP solutions with ISO standards.

Tracing the Historical Pathway of ERP and ISO: A Critical Analysis of Their Synchronized Evolution

A Thought-Provoking Analysis: ERP or ISO – Which Came First?

Before diving down deep into the topic, it’s crucial to open our discussion with a thought-provoking question: Does the order of establishment between ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) play a significant role in business efficiency? To answer this, we need to look back at the timeline and actual adoption of these two systems. ERP was prior to come into existence in the late 20th Century and later ISO emerged on the scene. Nevertheless, it is essential to note that the potential for their business contribution cannot be determined by the order of their establishment but rather their synergistic application in businesses.

Obstacles Unraveled: Inherent Challenges in the Sequential Adoption

Focusing on the prime concern, establishing these systems sequentially posed certain intrinsic challenges. Initially, most businesses adopted ERP systems in an attempt to streamline their processes and enhance communication within different units of the organization. However, these systems were overly focused on internal coordination and less on quality standards, resulting in a lack of awareness and emphasis on international quality standards. On the other hand, companies which prioritized ISO accreditation before implementing an ERP system faced obstacles due to its rigid, standard-bound processes. The misalignment between these systems often led to inefficiencies, limiting the overall business performance.

Learning from The Best: Effective Adoptive Practices with ERP and ISO

To illustrate how these issues can be overcome, several leading companies serve as convenient examples. Companies like Bosch and Oracle are pioneers in effectively integrating both ERP and ISO systems into their operations. Bosch adopted ERP well before ISO, but did not allow the order of establishment to limit the benefits they could attain from each system. The company diligently worked on integrating their ERP with the ISO standards once they were accredited. Oracle, on the other hand, is an ideal example of making these systems work together despite the order of their establishment, illustrating that it’s the strategic implementation, not the sequence that matters. These leading firms signify the importance of breaking free from traditional chronological sequence and focusing more on a holistic integration of both systems. These entities understood the requirement of competitive advantage and led the way by harnessing the maximum potential from both ERP and ISO, regardless of which was established first.


In an increasingly globalized and digitized world, have you ever wondered which organizational structure emerged first – the Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERP) or the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)? The continuous evolution in business landscapes makes it intriguing to dig deep into the roots of regulatory frameworks and technological solutions defining new rules of business operations and competencies. Understanding their inception times helps in appreciating the parallelism and interdependency in their establishment and growth.

That being said, we highly encourage our loyal readers to stay connected with our regular updates for more insights on such fascinating topics. Our platform thrives on your curiosity – it nurtures our commitment to presenting you with relevant, well-researched content. With every new release, we strive to decipher the complex paradigms of global business mechanics for you, unraveling exciting information and news before everyone else. Your consistent engagement with our blog is the incentive that fuels our dedicated endeavors.

Lastly, we understand that the anticipation may be overwhelming. However, patience is the price for quality and authenticity. Rest assured, we are tirelessly working to bring you the next piece of compelling content. Just like the suspense involved in most thrillers, the profundity of our upcoming releases will be worth the wait. In closing, whether it was the ISO or ERP, their interplay undoubtedly forms the bedrock of efficient, effective and compliant management systems. This mutual relationship will be interesting to explore in future updates. So keep us on your radar and prepare to dive deeper into the captivating world of business structures and systems.


Which one is first to established, ERP or ISO?


What is the ERP system?

ERP, or Enterprise Resource Planning, is a business process management software. It allows an organization to use a system of integrated applications to manage the business and automate many back-office functions related to technology, services, and human resources.

What is ISO?

ISO, or International Organization for Standardization, is an independent, non-governmental international organization that develops standards. These standards ensure that products and services are safe, reliable, and of good quality.

When was the ERP system established?

The concept of ERP was derived from material requirements planning (MRP), and its first version was developed in the 1960s. The actual term ERP was coined in the early 1990s by the Gartner Group.

When was ISO established?

ISO was established on 23 February 1947. The organization promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial, and commercial standards.

So, which was established first, ERP or ISO?

ISO was established first in 1947, while the concept that led to ERP systems was introduced later, in the 1960s. Thus, ISO pre-dates the ERP systems.

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